Critical Editions
(1851 - Date)

Introduction .... Oehler (ANF) .... CSEL .... CCL ...Sources Chrétiennes

None of the early editions is a critical edition in the modern sense. With Oehler's editions we enter the world of the modern critical edition, where the text is established in accordance with predefined criteria, in a hopefully more systematic and scientific way. This page contains the series and collected editions in Latin.

(The pages on individual works show the CSEL/CCL reference, and the most recent English translation).

From Oehler onwards, we are dealing with critical editions in the modern sense, based on a selection of readings based upon stated criteria.


1851-4 : OEHLER : Fr. Oehler, Q.S.F. Tertulliani opera omnia, Leipzig, 1851-1854, 3 vols (editio maior) and also Leipzig, 1854 (editio minor). See Klussmann, in Zeitschr. fur wissensch. Theol. [1860], iii. 82-100, 363-393, and Oehler, in Zeitschr. fur wissensch. Theol [1861], iv. 204-211 Editio Maior Checked. Volumes 1 and 2 contain the works of Tertullian. Volume 3 includes various additional material, including the dissertation by Nicolaus le Nourry which refers to various now lost MSS of the Apologeticum. It also contains indexes. The copies I have seen of this have all suffered from 'foxing' - i.e. brown splotches in the paper. The volumes are octavo but quite thin. The preface to volume I is online.

VOLUME I

page

Preface

iii-xxiii

Index Librorum

1.

Ad Martyras

3

2.

De Spectaculis

17

3.

De Idololatria

67

4.

Apologeticum

111

5.

Ad Nationes Libri II

306

6.

De Testimonio Animae

399

7.

De Corona

415

8.

De Fuga in Persecutione

461

9.

Scorpiace

495

10.

Ad Scapulam

539

11.

De Oratione

553

12.

De Patientia

587

13.

De Baptismo

619

14.

De Paenitentia

643

15.

Ad Uxorem Libri II

669

16.

De Cultu Feminarum Libri II

701

17.

De Exhortatione Castitatis

737

18.

De Monogamia

761

19.

De Pudicitia

791

20.

De Ieiunio adversus Psychicos

851

21.

De Virginibus Velandis

883

22.

De Pallio

913

VOLUME II

page

1.

De Praescriptione Haereticorum

1

2.

Adversus Marcionem Libri V

45

3.

Adversus Hermogenem

337

4.

Adversus Valentinianos

381

5.

De Carne Christi

423

6.

De Resurrectione Carnis

465

7.

De Anima

553

8.

Adversus Praxean

651

9.

Adversus Iudaeos

699

Fragments

742

Libri Suppositicii

748

Indices

VOLUME III

page

1.

Life of Tertullian by J. Pamelius

1

2.

Life of Tertullian by P. Allix

37

3.

Dissertation on the Apologeticum, Ad Nationes and Ad Scapulam by Nic. le Nourry

79

4.

Disquisition on the date of the Apologeticum by Io. Laur. Mosheim

490

5.

Q. Septimii Florentis Tertulliani quae supersunt omnia in Montanismo scripta videro.  
Edisseruit Godofr. Centnerus

511

6.

De vera aetate ac doctrina scriptorum quae supersunt Q. Septimii Florentis Tertulliani Disputatio
by Io. Aug. Noesselt

540

7.

Dissertatio de varia et incerta indole librorum Q. Septimii Florentis Tertulliani by Ioh. Salom. Semler

620

8.

De Tertulliano et eius scriptis Dissertatio by Ioh. Kaye

697

This was the standard 19th century edition, and its text was used for the Ante-Nicene Fathers translation into English by P.Holmes and S.Thelwall printed in various editions and now available on the Internet, and on CD, and in the US printed edition.


1866-date : Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum (CSEL) edited by the Academy of Vienna from 1866-1957, and sometimes known as the Vienna Corpus. Now being revived under the aegis of the Kirchenväter-Kommission. New work is being undertaken, including the monster task of documenting the text tradition of St.Augustine, which has already led to the discovery of new letters. A second edition of other authors is proposed.

The volumes were issued in paper covers, so tend to appear in a variety of bindings (see the picture of my own selection above).

The website is well worth a visit, and run ably and helpfully by Dr. Dorothea Weber. A small selection of the newer volumes (no Tertullian) is available from the CSEL website, at around £40 ($60) each; the others from the publishers Verlag Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, to whom in the first instance applications for permission to reproduce material should be directed. A text editor for editing classical texts is also available from the CSEL site, although I've not looked at it yet.  I have found that it is possible to obtain out-of-print copies of some of these volumes from www.bibliofind.com for around the same price.   However I don't have volumes 70 or 76 (yet).

Much of the work on Tertullian has been superseded, but the prefaces remain of interest. Volumes relating to Tertullian are:


        
Preface, by W. Hartel and G. Wissowa
v-xiii

        
Index of Sigla
xiv

        
Index Librorum
xv
1.
De spectaculis
1
2.
De idololatria
30
3.
Ad Nationes
59
4.
De testimonio animae
134
5.
Scorpiace
144
6.
De oratione
180
7.
De baptismo
201
8.
De pudicitia
219
9.
De ieiunio adversus psychicos
274
10.
De anima
298-396

        
Preface
v-xxxv

        
Index of Sigla
xxxvi

        
Index Librorum
xxxvii
1.
De patientia
1
2.
De carnis resurrectione
25
3.
Adversus Hermogenem
126
4.
Adversus Valentinianos
177
5.
Adversus omnes haereses
213
6.
Adversus Praxean
227
7.
Adversus Marcionem
290-650
Preface v-viii
De Codicibus Apologetici (etc) ix-xlvii
Sigla and bibliography xlviii-li
1. Apologeticum 1-121

        
Preface
v-xlv

        
Index of Sigla
xlvi-xlvii

        
Index Librorum
xlviii
1.
De praescriptione haereticorum
1
2.
De cultu feminarum
59
3.
Ad uxorem
96
4.
De exhortatione castitatis
125
5.
De corona
153
6.
De carne Christi
189
7.
Adversus Iudaeos
251-331

        
Preface
vii-lvi

        
Index of Sigla
lvii-lix
1.
Ad martyres (Bulhart)
1-8
2.
Ad Scapulam (Bulhart)
9-16
3.
De fuga in persecutione (Bulhart)
17-43
4.
De monogamia (Bulhart)
44-78
5.
De virginibus velandis (Bulhart)
79-103
6.
De pallio (Bulhart)
104-125

        
Corrigenda
126

        
Preface 2 (Borleffs)
127-137

        
Index of Sigla
138-139
7.
De paenitentia (Borleffs)
140-170

The notes and prefaces are all in Latin. Vols 47, 69 and 70 each have up to 50 pages of material on mss. The general opinion on Kroymann's readings is "brilliant, but unsound" (to reapply the words of P.G.Wodehouse), and CCL has revised some of them.


1953-date : Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina, (Abbreviated as CCL or CCSL) Turnhout, 1953-date. Vols I and II relate to Tertullian, and are edited by Dom Eligius Dekkers.  All the text is in Latin.  The idea was to reprint the best available editions, and revise them where necessary.  Dekkers therefore revised many of Kroymann's somewhat eccentric readings in CSEL.

Each volume is about $120, although there are special offers at conferences, etc. 

Here's the table of contents.  The page numbers run sequentially through both volumes.

Preface

v

Select Bibliography

x

Stemma for the Cluny collection

xxvii

Table I, on 3 A3 sheets

(after xxvii)

Table II, on 1 A3 sheet

I.     Ad Martyras
    ed. E. Dekkers

1

II.    Ad Nationes
    ed. J. G. Ph. Borleffs

9

III.   Apologeticum
   ed. E. Dekkers 

77

IV.    De Testimonio Animae
    ed. R. Willems

173

V.     De Praescriptione Haereticorum
    ed. R.F.Refoulé

185

VI.    De Spectaculis
    ed. E. Dekkers

225

VII.   De Oratione
    ed. G.F.Diercks

255

VIII.  De Baptismo
    ed. J.G.Ph. Borleffs

275

IX.    De Patientia
    ed. J.G.Ph. Borleffs

297

X.     De Paenitentia
    ed. J.G.Ph. Borleffs

319

XI.    De Cultu Feminarum
    ed. E. Kroymann

341

XII.   Ad Uxorem
    ed. E. Kroymann

371

XIII.  Adversus Hermogenem
    ed. E. Kroymann

395

XIV.   Adversus Marcionem
    ed. E. Kroymann

437

VOLUME II Continues with the following:

XV.    De Pallio
    ed. A. Gerlo

731

XVI.   Adversus Valentinianos
    ed. E. Kroymann

751

XVII.  De Anima
    ed. J.H.Waszink

779

XVIII. De Carne Christi
    ed. E. Kroymann

871

XIX.   De Resurrectione Mortuorum
    ed. J.G.Ph. Borleffs

919

XX.    De Exhortatione Castitatis
    ed. E. Kroymann

1013

XXI.   De Corona
    ed. E. Kroymann

1037

XXII.  Scorpiace
    ed. A. Reifferscheid and G. Wissowa

1067

XXIII. De Idololatria
    ed. A. Reifferscheid and G. Wissowa

1099

XXIV.  Ad Scapulam
    ed. E. Dekkers

1125

XXV.   De Fuga in Persecutione
    ed. J.J. Thierry

1133

XXVI.  Adversus Praxean
    ed. E. Kroymann and E. Evans

1157

XXVII. De Virginibus Velandis
    ed. E. Dekkers

1207

XXVIII.De Monogamia
    ed. E. Dekkers

1227

XXIX.  De Ieiunio adversus Psychicos
    ed. A. Reifferschied and G. Wissowa

1255

XXX.   De Pudicitia
    ed. E. Dekkers

1279

XXXI.  De Fato and other fragments
    collected by A. Harnack

1331

XXXII. Adversus Iudaeos
    ed. E. Kroymann

1337

APPENDIX

       Adversus omnes Haereses
    ed. E. Kroymann

1399

       De Execrandis Gentium Diis
    ed. R. Willems

1411

       Carmen adversus Marcionem
    ed. R. Willems

1417

INDICES

    Index of Scripture References

1457

    Index of Writers

1495

    Index of Names

1497

    Index of Things and Words

1509

Table of chronology of the works

1627

Table of Contents

1629

Additions and Corrections

1631

The CCSL series have been digitised onto CD-ROM as part of the Belgian CETEDOC project, together with other material. There is a WWW site about them, under www.brepols.com,available directly here. However the CD-ROMs are less easy to use than those of Migne, since the interface is rather hostile and also in Latin! None of the introductory material has been included either. Available at the Bodleian library in Oxford, and the Cambridge University library, and doubtless other places too.


1949 - date : Sources Chrétiennes, published by Les Editions du Cerf. An ongoing series of critical editions in Latin and French, currently at more than 400 volumes, which is intended when complete to include all the Fathers of Antiquity.

From the site:

The " Christian Sources" series published by the Editions du Cerf was born in the 1940s following the encounter between Jesuit Fathers from Lyon, France (Fontoynont, de Lubac, Daniélou) and the Dominican Fathers of the Editions du Cerf.

The aim of this collection is to print the entire works of late Antiquity Christian authors, otherwise known as the Fathers of the Church. Already, 390 volumes, filing shelves 18 meters long, have been printed. Once the final objective is achieved, 900 books will have been published. Origen, Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa and John Chrysostom are among some of the more frequently published authors. ...

All translations include a detailed introduction, notes, and a critical commentary.

Naturally some of the works of Tertullian have already appeared. As time has gone on, the size of each volume has swollen (some are now two volumes!), and the prefatory matter with it. Completely up to date. The first two volumes were less detailed, but are now being revisited to bring them into line with the later ones. Every volume reviews the text tradition, in quite a lot of detail, although where necessary reference is made to an earlier volume.

The notes and commentary are primarily philological rather than theological.  These are the best available texts of the works listed.

The Tertullian volumes are:

35 TERTULLIEN : Traité du baptême. R.-F. Refoulé, M. Drouzy. Réimpression en préparation
46 TERTULLIEN : De la prescription contre les hérétiques. R.-F. Refoulé, P. de Labriolle. Réimpression en préparation
173 TERTULLIEN : La Toilette des femmes. M.Turcan (1971)
216 TERTULLIEN : La Chair du Christ, tome I. Introduction, texte critique et traduction. J. P. Mahé (1975)
217 TERTULLIEN : La Chair du Christ, tome II. Commentaire et Index. J.-P. Mahé (1975)
273 TERTULLIEN : À son épouse. C. Munier (1980)
280 TERTULLIEN : Contre les valentiniens, tome I. Introduction, texte et traduction. J.-C. Fredouille (1980)
281 TERTULLIEN : Contre les valentiniens, tome II. Commentaire et Index. J.-C. Fredouille (1981).
310 TERTULLIEN : De la patience. J.-C Fredouille (1984)
316 TERTULLIEN : La Pénitence. C. Munier (1984)
319 TERTULLIEN : Exhortation à la chasteté. C. Moreschini, J. C. Fredouille (1985)
332 TERTULLIEN : Les Spectacles. M. Turcan (1986)
343 TERTULLIEN : Le Mariage unique. P Mattei (1988)
365 TERTULLIEN : Contre Marcion, tome I. Livre I. R Braun (1991)
368 TERTULLIEN : Contre Marcion, tome II. Livre II. R. Braun (1991)
394 TERTULLIEN : La Pudicité, tome I. C. Micaelli, C. Munier (1993)
395 TERTULLIEN : La Pudicité, tome II. Commentaire et index. C. Micaelli (1993)
399 TERTULLIEN : Contre Marcion, tome III. Livre III. R. Braun (1994)
424 TERTULLIEN : Le Voile des vierges. P.Mattei, E. Schulz-Flugel (1997)
439 TERTULLIEN : Contre Hermogène. F. Chapot (1999)
456 TERTULLIEN: Contre Marcion, tome IV. Livre IV.  R. Braun (2001)

I have all of these except #35.  #35 and #46 are out of print.  The others can be obtained from www.amazon.fr, or direct from the Cerf if you can speak French and order by telephone.

#46 (De praescriptione haereticorum) reprints the text from CCSL, but only a small apparatus, curiously.  The Adversus Marcionem are  in collaboration with Cl. Moreschini, using a revision of his text (1971).  Moreschini examined afresh the MSS, discovering errors in Kroymann's apparatus, and published articles on the subject.  The translation and notes are by Rene Braun.

This page has been accessed by ****** people since 11th December 1999.


Return to the Tertullian Project / About these pages